Request Appointment

UTI - Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infections (UTI) occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract and urethra and multiply. These infections typically develop in the lower urinary tract before progressing to the upper urinary tract if they remain untreated. Bladder infections (cystitis) are the most common form of urinary tract infections, but UTIs can also manifest as infections of the urethra or kidney infections. Women are more prone than men to developing UTIs. Children under the age of two can also develop this infection. E. coli is the most common bacterial cause of UTIs. Other forms of bacteria can also cause UTIs. Men and women sometimes can transmit bacteria to their partner during sexual intercourse, causing a UTI.

Find A Doctor

Symptoms

Symptoms in young children may include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Excessive crying for unknown reasons

Symptoms in older children may include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Incontinence
  • Painful urination
  • Cloudy or unusual smelling urine
  • Continuous production of small amounts of urine
  • Pain in the abdomen or pelvic area
  • Flank or lower back pain (with a kidney infection)

Symptoms of lower UTIs may include:

  • Back pain
  • Blood in the urine
  • Cloudy urine
  • Inability to urinate
  • Frequent urination
  • Painful urination
  • Pelvic discomfort

Symptoms of upper UTIs may include:

  • Chills
  • High fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain below the ribs
UTI 2

Causes and Risk Factors of Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infections (UTI) occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract and urethra and multiply. These infections typically develop in the lower urinary tract before progressing to the upper urinary tract if they remain untreated. Bladder infections (cystitis) are the most common form of urinary tract infections, but UTIs can also manifest as infections of the urethra or kidney infections. Women are more prone than men to developing UTIs. Children under the age of two can also develop this infection. E. coli is the most common bacterial cause of UTIs. Other forms of bacteria can also cause UTIs. Men and women infected with some sexually transmitted diseases can transmit bacteria to their partner during sexual intercourse, causing a UTI. Other UTI risk factors include:

  • Long-term urinary catheterization
  • Soiled diapers in infants and toddlers
  • Bladder outlet obstructions including, kidney stones or BPH
  • Incomplete bladder emptying
  • Congenital urinary tract abnormalities
  • Suppressed immune systems
  • Certain blood types that make it easier for bacteria to attach to the cells lining the urinary tract
UTI 3

Diagnosing a UTI

A UTI is diagnosed through a clean-catch urine specimen. Clean catch is obtained by cleansing the area around the urethral opening or by catheterization and collecting a mid-stream urine sample. Then, a urinalysis is performed to determine a white blood cell count (WBC) or look for bacteria or nitrates in the urine. These may indicate a bacterial infection.

denver urology clinic 4

Treatments

Bladder and urinary tract infections are typically treated with antibiotic medication. The dosage and length of time of the prescription depend on the form of infection. People can take the following measures to prevent UTIs:

  • Change soiled diapers promptly
  • Drink lots of water
  • Rarely resist the urge to urinate
  • Urinate after sexual intercourse

Request An Appointment Now

Request an Appointment

Resources & Events

Men’s Health Virtual Seminar 9/29/2020

The Canary in the Coal Mine – Understand How Erectile Dysfunction Can Save Your Life By Connecting You with Your Health Presented by Dr. Richard Heppe, TUCC Urologist When: September 29, 2020. 5:00pm Where: Zoom (link will be included in the confirmation email) Register today>> https://www.cvent.com/d/v7qw9v

Read More

Dr. Kara K. Choate Joins TUCC

–TUCC CONTINUES TO BUILD ON ITS MISSION, EXCELLENCE IN UROLOGY – Kara Choate, M.D., has joined the team at The Urology Center of Colorado (TUCC). The TUCC team now includes 19 urologists, one radiation oncologist and five advanced practice providers. Dr. Choate completed her Urology Residency and General Surgery Internship at the University of Maryland Medical

Read More

Dr. Jones – Why Urology?

Every year Dr Jones, Urologist at TUCC, presents to the Cherry Creek High School Medical Careers class. He explains what a urologist is and how urology can be a rewording specialty for doctors.

Read More